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This Southeastern European country consists mainly of fertile black soil steppes. Mountain ranges are the Carpathians in the southwest and the Crimean chain in the south. Ukraine has borders with Belarus, Russia, the Black Sea, Moldova, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Poland.
Between the mountain ranges lies the heartland of Ukraine, approximately the size of France. It is a rich flat region stretching for 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles), known as the steppe. Ukraine used to be called the breadbasket of the Soviet Union and it still has vast grain fields as well as huge deposits of coal and iron for its heavy industry.

Facts about Ukraine

National name: Ukrayina
Capital: Kyiv (Kiev), 3,296,100 (metropolitan area), 2,618,000 (city proper)
Largest Cities: Kharkiv, 1,435,200; Odessa, 1,022,300; Donetsk, 984,900; Lvov, 700,100
Total area: 233,090 sq mi (603,700 sq km)
Population: 47,110,000
Life expectancy: 70
Form of Government: Constitutional republic


Industry: coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment
Agriculture: grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed; beef
Exports: ferrous and nonferrous metals, fuel and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment
Monetary unit: Hryvna
GDP per Capita: USD 4,500


Ethnic Groups: Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belorussian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001)
Languages: Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian
Religion: Ukrainian Orthodox, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 6%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 2%, Protestant, Jewish, none 38%

More information about Ukraine

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Cities in Ukraine